Executive and Steering Committee



Elizabeth Bennett - Co-Chair
Kristen Walker Painemilla - Co-Chair


Keith Brown, Jane Goodall Institute 
Janette Wallis - Awareness
Reg Hoyt - Information Management
Steve Olson - Key Decision Makers



Schaneé Anderson, Sedgwick County Zoo
Elizabeth Bennett, Wildlife Conservation Society
Allard Blom, World Wildlife Fund, US
Keith Brown, Jane Goodall Institute
Michael Crowther, Indianapolis Zoo
Pam Dennis, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Amy Groff, Disney's Animal Kingdom
Karen Killmar, Zoological Society of San Diego
Susan Minnemeyer, World Resources Institute
Caroline Mitten, World Wildlife Fund, US
Steve Olson, American Zoo and Aquarium Association
William Rapley, Toronto Zoo Vanessa Rogier, Happy Hollow Park & Zoo
Rebecca Rose, Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Chuck Siegel, Dallas Zoo
Kristen Walker Painemilla, Conservation International
Janette Wallis, American Society of Primatologists


Bryan Carroll, Bristol Zoo Gardens, UK
Samuel Fopa, Bushmeat Crisis Discussion Group, CAMEROON
Rebecca Hardin, University of Michigan, USA
Reg Hoyt, Forest Partners International, USA
Leo Niskanen, IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group, Nairobi, KENYA

2005 – 2007 SC ADVISORS

Michael Hutchins, 2000-2001 Chair, 2002-2004 Co-chair
David Wilkie, 2002-2004 Co-chair
Christine Wolf, 2005-2006 Co-Chair


For a listing of the Steering Committee Members for 2002-2004
For a listing of the Steering Committee Members for 2000-2001


Schaneé Anderson, Curator of education, Sedgwick County Zoo

Schaneé is a native of Omaha, Nebraska who started her zoo career as a teen volunteer at Omaha’s Henry Doory Zoo. She was hired as the Education Assistant at Henry Doorly Zoo in 1990. Her transformation into a Kansan occurred in 1992 when she became the Curator of Education at Sunset Zoo, Manhattan, Kansas. Schaneé moved south to join the Sedgwick County Zoo family as Curator of Education in July 2003. Her B.S. is in Environmental Science from the University of Nebraska and her M.S. is in Elementary Education from Kansas State University.

Schaneé is an active member of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association, National Association for Interpretation, and Kansas Association for Conservation and Environmental Education. She is also an adjunct professor for Friends University, teaching Zoo Science and Wildlife Interpretation. Schaneé is the education liaison for the Paraguay Conservation Action Partnership and has had the opportunity to present several environmental education workshops to students and teachers throughout Paraguay. She is also the Amphibian Taxon Advisory Group education liaison and has assisted with the development of text for animal graphics at the zoo in Puerto Rico.

Elizabeth Bennett, Wildlife Conservation Society (2005-2007 Co-chair)

Director, Hunting and Wildlife Trade Program, WCS.

Degrees: 1977 BSc (Hons) in Zoology, University of Nottingham, UK; 1984 PhD, University of Cambridge, UK. PhD was on the ecology of banded langurs (Presbytis melalophos) in Peninsular Malaysia. This involved 2.5 years field work in the Krau Wildlife Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia.

For the past 17 years, working in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo, on an evolving wide range of wildlife conservation projects. From 1984 to 1988, this was jointly for WCS, WWF Malaysia and the Sarawak Forest Department, and subsequent to that has been for WCS and the Sarawak Forest Department. From 1993 onwards, have been Director of the WCS Malaysia Program for WCS.

Projects have included: conducting the first ever detailed ecological study of the proboscis monkey, surveys of its distribution and status, and preparing a strategy for its conservation in Sarawak; conducting Sarawak-wide suveys of large mammals and birds;
conducting, or overseeing, a range of studies on the effects of different types of human disturbance on wildlife, especially hunting, logging, and shifting cultivation. The hunting study (conducted personally) involved three years of fieldwork in Sarawak and Sabah, and involved investigating subsistence, trophy, trade and sport hunting, and also hunting by loggers. It was the first study of its kind in the region, looking at types and extent of hunting, its importance to local people, effects on wildlife populations, and management implications; preparing, with others from WCS and the Sarawak Forest Department, a "Master Plan for Wildlife in Sarawak". This policy document, the first of its kind in the world, is a comprehensive strategy on everything needed to conserve wildlife in Sarawak, and detailed prescriptions on how to implement that strategy. It was immediately adopted as official policy by the Sarawak Government; for the past four years, heading a unit within the Sarawak Government to implement the Master Plan. To do so, the Unit is facilitating an integrated program including writing and implementation of new wildlife and national parks legislation, extending and upgrading management of Sarawak's system of protected areas, a multi-faceted programme to reduce effects of hunting on wildlife (including legalizing and implementing strict control of hunting technologies, and a new law banning all commercial sales of wildlife and wildlife products taken from the wild), in-depth capacity building, publicity and conservation education; conducting a wide variety of training. In Malaysia, this has involved training Malaysian graduate students, and running training courses in wildlife field techniques, conservation and ecology to government wildlife staff in Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah), Taiwan, Mainland China and Myanmar.

Relevant publications:
More than 70 scientific and popular publications on wildlife ecology and conservation. These include: co-author of the IUCN Red Data Book "Threatened Primates of Africa" (1988); co-editor of the book "Hunting for Sustainability in Tropical Forests" (published by Columbia University Press, 2000). This is a state-of-the-art edited volume on hunting in tropical forests world-wide, and its effects on wildlife populations; co-author of a World Bank paper "Hunting of Wildlife in Tropical Forests: Implications for Biodiversity and Forest Peoples" (2000.

Other: 1994 - "Ridder of the Order of the Golden Ark" awarded by HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands for services to the conservation of flora and fauna.

Allard Blom, World Wildlife Fund, US

Allard Blom was born on May 8, 1962 in Breda, The Netherlands. He holds a B.Sc. in Biology of Wageningen University, and a M.Sc. and a Ph.D in ecology and wildlife management from the same University. His first experience in Africa was in Gabon, during his M.Sc. While in Gabon he obtained his first job in 1987 carrying out a nation-wide survey of elephants for Wildlife Conservation International. This program was extended with the help of several donors and permitted him to continue in Equatorial Guinea and Zaire, with a brief period at Cambridge in England to analyze the data. This was followed by a period of work as a consultant in Ivory Coast and Kenya, before taking the job as World Wildlife Fund (WWF) project director in the Ituri forest in Zaire. There he helped establish the Okapi Wildlife Reserve in 1992. After the establishment of the reserve, the project was discontinued and he moved to the Central African Republic in January of 1993 to take over as principal technical advisor of the Dzanga-Sangha project. Between 1995 and 1998 he combined this job with the job of national coordinator (country representative) of WWF in the Central African Republic. During this period he obtained authorization and funding to set up the gorilla habituation program. When this program became fully operational he left his job to concentrate on his Ph.D. research associated with the habituation program. He left the Central African Republic at the end of 1999 to settle on Long Island close to the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he was an adjunct professor, while writing up his thesis. After finalizing his thesis, he moved back to central Africa in February of 2001 to take up the post of project leader for ECOFAC, the European Union funded regional conservation program, in Lope, Gabon. His main function was to advise the Government in establishing its first national park. After the successful establishment of the Lope National Park in 2002, he once again joined WWF as a senior program officer in their Washington office, a post he has occupied since January 2004.

Keith Brown, Jane Goodall Institute

Biography not available.

J. Bryan Carroll, Bristol Zoo Gardens, UK

Bryan Carroll was asked to form a Bushmeat Working Group under the auspices of EAZA in 1999. The EAZA Bushmeat Campaign has been running since October 2000. The campaign involves information to zoo visitors on the bushmeat trade, a petition aimed at influencing EU and African politicians to bring about control of the bushmeat trade, and fundraising to support in situ bushmeat projects. The European perspective is vital in combating many of the factors that influence the bushmeat trade, from the activities of European-based logging and mining interests to the role of ex-colonial influence and development aid from European Governments. Bryan can represent that view in the Steering Committee. Furthermore Bryan is a member of Ape Alliance and the UK Tropical Forest Forum Bushmeat Group, and can act as an information conduit and have a coordinating role between these various groups and BCTF.

Bryan has 25 years experience in zoos and conservation at Jersey and Bristol Zoos. He has a PhD in primatology. Bristol Zoo supports a sanctuary and education project in Cameroon working against the bushmeat trade. He is Chair of the Conservation and Animal Management Committee of the Federation of Zoos of Great Britain and Ireland, and member of the EAZA EEP Committee and the EAZA Conservation Committee.

Michael Crowther, Indianapolis Zoo
Biography not available.

Pam Dennis, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Biography not available.

Samuel Fopa, Bushmeat Crisis Discussion Group, CAMEROON

Samuel Fopa serves as the National Coordinator for Cameroon’s Bushmeat Crisis Discussion Group, an NGO that he founded upon completion of his diploma programme from the College of African Wildlife Management in Mweka, Tanzania. Prior to his education at Mweka, he was the Divisional Chief of Service in charge of Wildlife and Protected Areas for Cameroon’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry. In addition, he served as Executive Secretary of the Biodiversity Conservation League in Cameroon, another NGO that he founded.

In December 2000, Mr. Fopa attended the BCTF-sponsored bushmeat session at Mweka’s conference “African Wildlife Management in the New Millennium” and decided to dedicate his efforts to educating young people in his home country about the problems of this crisis. He is currently working to create a Wildlife Conservation Education Programme to form school clubs and local communities’ clubs who will address the problems and solutions to the bushmeat crisis.

In addition, Mr. Fopa has conducted research on bushmeat processing and the commercial networks in Southern Cameroon (Aug 2001) and gave a paper presentation at the DSE Workshop in Naivasha, Kenya entitled 'The Bushmeat crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa with emphasis on West and Central Africa' (June 2001) .

Additional positions that Mr. Fopa has held include: National Coordinator, Bushmeat Crisis Discussion Group, Cameroon [current]; Forestry Research Centre (Assistant), Foumban/Cameroon (1988-1991); Assistant, Divisional Chief of Service in charge of Forestry. Foumban-Cameroon (1991-1993); Divisional Chief of Service in charge of wildlife and P.A. Bafang-Cameroon (1993 – 1999); Coordinator, Friends of Nature Clubs (1994 – 1999); Executive Secretary, Biodiversity Conservation League (1996).

Amy Groff, Disney's Animal Kingdom (2005-2007 Education Champion)
Biography not available.

Rebecca Hardin, University of Michigan, USA

Rebecca Hardin is currently teaching at the University of Michigan. She has worked since 1988 in and on the equatorial forests of Central Africa, first as a Peace Corps Volunteer and later as an anthropologist. Her research focuses on social relations of forest use in the Sangha River region, where Cameroon, Central African Republic, and Congo meet. Her Ph.D. dissertation in anthropology is entitled: "Translating the Forest: Tourism, Trophy Hunting, and the Transformation of Forest Use in Central African Republic" (Yale University). Her postdoctoral research projects focus on health issues as they relate to changing economies and ecologies of forest use.

Since 1997, Dr. Hardin has directed the Sangha River Network based at Yale University and has been responsible for developing unique partnerships and linkages among educational institutions in the US, Africa, and Europe - including a Memorandum of Understanding between Yale University and University of Bangui in the Central African Republic. Under her leadership with SRN, she has enabled a number of African students to pursue both Master's and PhD degrees, conducting research on important conservation issues in the Central Africa forest region. She has been a Lecturer in Anthropology at Yale University, a visiting professor in Political Science at the Sorbonne in Paris, and an Academy Fellow at Harvard University.

Dr. Hardin provides an important new institutional dimension with her academic background and contacts and also has an extensive knowledge of the socio-cultural and economic systems upon which the bushmeat trade is based. She has been working in the Central Africa region during the critical periods of development of the bushmeat issue and has first-hand, long-term experience both on the ground in Africa, in Europe, and in key US academic institutions - and speaks both fluent French and Sango.

Reg Hoyt, Forest Partners International, USA (2005-2007 Info Mgmt Champion)

Reg Hoyt is President, CEO, and Founder of Forest Partners International. Trained as a mammalogist and museum specialist, Reg has a BA from Nasson College in Biology, MA from Texas Tech University in Biological Sciences and Museum Science, and has worked towards a Ph.D. in Zoology at Arizona State University (although no degree was conferred). Reg committed more than 20 years of his career to work in zoos. Holding various curatorial and management positions in four zoos around the US, his last position was as Senior Vice President for Conservation & Science at the Philadelphia Zoo. During his tenure, he managed 30 conservation programs in countries around the globe, with an emphasis on community-based action, environmental education, and applied research. Particularly noteworthy was his work in Liberia, West Africa which promoted the sustainable management of Liberia’s wildlife, with an emphasis on the bushmeat issue.

In November 2003, Reg left the Philadelphia Zoo to found a new conservation organization called Forest Partners International. With a core belief that the future of tropical forests and wildlife and the rural poor that depend upon them for their sustenance and livelihoods are inextricably linked, Reg continues to focus his efforts on Liberia. His research still includes the over-exploitation and trade in Liberia’s wildlife, but has expanded to include studies of the social and economic impacts of the harvest. Other activities include a national public awareness campaign, the evaluation of human-wildlife conflicts adjacent to Sapo National Park (Liberia’s only national park), and the development of an “Adopt a Village” program that promotes education, health and development activities in targeted rural communities. His goal is make rural communities stockholders in conservation, not just stakeholders through programming that links human development and biodiversity conservation goals, rather than isolating them from one another.

Reg hopes to bring a broad interdisciplinary approach from his diverse background in education, captive collection management, practical research and in situ conservation to BCTF’s Steering Committee.

Michael Hutchins, 2000-2001 Chair, 2002-2004 Co-chair (2005-2007 Advisor)

Dr. Hutchins is currently Executive Director of ZooThink, Inc., a Maryland-based consulting company that is dedicated to assisting professionally-managed zoological parks and aquariums, natural history museums, wildlife conservation organizations and government wildlife agencies with a wide variety of activities. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Maryland's Graduate Program in Conservation Biology and Sustainable Development and Senior Fellow at the Center for Conservation and Behavior, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Dr, Hutchins received his Ph.D. from the University of Washington in 1984 where he studied the behavioral ecology of free ranging Rocky Mountain goats in Olympic National Park. He has worked in the professional zoo and aquarium and wildlife conservation fields for 30 years, having been Research Associate at the Woodland Park Zoological Gardens in Seattle; Curatorial Trainee in Mammalogy, Conservation Biologist, and Coordinator of Research at New York's Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservation Park; and Director/William Conway Chair, Department of Conservation and Science for the American Zoo and Aquarium Association based in Silver Spring, MD. He also formerly served as Acting Assistant Professor at the University of Washington, Seattle where he taught undergraduate and graduate courses in animal behavior.

Dr. Hutchins has authored over 195 articles and books, covering various topics in wildlife conservation and science. He is Associate Editor for the journal Zoo Biology, Editor of the International Zoo Yearbook, and Editor of the Johns Hopkins University book series: Studies in Zoo and Aquarium Biology and Conservation. He is also Consulting Editor for Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, a member of the International Board of Advisors for The Encyclopedia of the World’s Zoos and is listed in Marquis’ Who’s Who in Science and Engineering and Who’s Who in the World. He has traveled to six continents and 33 countries worldwide to pursue his interest in wildlife and nature conservation.

Dr. Hutchins is an experienced conservation planner, meeting facilitator, and coalition builder, organizing major planning efforts for the black-footed ferret, Micronesian kingfisher and Karner blue butterfly recovery programs and on the future of elephants in North American zoos. His Black-footed Ferret Recovery Program Analysis and Action Plan, which was funded by a grant from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, was used to revise the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Recovery Plan. In February 1999, Dr. Hutchins organized and moderated a meeting of agencies and organizations concerned about the illegal, commercial bushmeat trade in tropical Africa. The meeting resulted in the formation of the Bushmeat Crisis Task Force (http://www.bushmeat.org), a national coalition of more than 30 major U.S. conservation organizations, zoological parks, animal protection organizations, and natural history museums dedicated to finding solutions to this significant and complex conservation challenge. He was also instrumental in the development of the Butterfly Conservation Initiative, a coalition of over 55 zoos, aquariums and conservation organizations dedicated to the conservation of threatened butterflies in North America (http://www.aza.org/ConScience/bfci) and in the development of a national Memorandum of Understanding between the AZA and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to promote cooperation on wildlife and habitat conservation.

Dr. Hutchins coordinated the AZA’s Conservation Endowment Fund application review and selection process from 1990-2004. The CEF has provided nearly $2.8 million to support 177 projects. He has also served as a consultant to the Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund and Animal Kingdom project; on IUCN-The World Conservation Union's Species Survival Commission's Invasive Species and Conservation Breeding Specialist Groups; and on The World Zoo and Aquarium Association’s (WAZA’s) Committee on Inter-regional Conservation Cooperation (CIRCC). Updated: 5/17/05

Karen Killmar, Zoological Society of San Diego
Biography not available.

Susan Minnemeyer, World Resources Institute
Biography not available.

Caroline Mitten, World Wildlife Fund, US
Biography not available.

Leo Niskanen, IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group, Nairobi, KENYA

Leo Niskanen grew up in Tanzania and has lived in Kenya for the past 12 years working for various organizations including the United Nations, CARE International and the private sector. For the last four years, Leo has held the position of Senior Programme Office for the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s African Elephant Specialist Group (AfESG) based in Nairobi.

The AfESG is one of the most active of the +130 IUCN/SSC Specialist Groups. It provides professional, independent advice to conservation agencies, governments, non-governmental organizations and other relevant parties inside and outside Africa on matters associated with the conservation and management of the African elephant. All the approximately 50 AfESG members have current and direct personal involvement in African elephant conservation and/or management. An expert Chair, Dr. Holly Dublin, has headed the Group for the past decade.

During the past four years the AfESG has attained the following achievements:
Managed and updated the African Elephant Database, a comprehensive continental database that aims to collect, maintain, analyse and publish information on the distribution and abundance of elephant populations on the African continent. The African Elephant Database is now universally recognized as the world’s only reliable source of unbiased and up-to-date information on the continental status of the African elephant, and is considered an invaluable tool by conservation authorities and decision makers all over the world.

Produced and distributed the African Elephant Status Report 2002 containing the latest continent-wide information on the numbers and distribution of African elephants.
Helped African elephant range states in their efforts to develop, promote and implement sub-regional elephant conservation strategies and management plans in Central, South and West Africa
Assisted in the development of national elephant conservation strategies for Botswana, Burkina Faso, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Niger and Togo.

Developed a number of technical products designed to help mitigate human-elephant conflict. These include the Decision Support System for Managing Human Elephant Conflict Situations in Africa, a standardised Data Collection and Analysis Protocol and Training Manual for Enumerators of Elephant Damage, as well as a number of technical briefs.

Helped to build capacity of African elephant conservationists through technical exchange. In the last three years, four young members of the Group have taken charge of their national elephant programmes.

In collaboration with the IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group, established a task force to produce technical guidelines for the in situ translocation of the African elephant for conservation purposes designed to help African wildlife authorities and donors to make informed decisions about translocation as a tool for African elephant conservation and management.

Contributed technically to the 12th and 13th meetings of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the 2002 and 2004 African Elephant Range State Dialogue meetings and the IUCN analyses of the African elephant related proposals to amend the appendices of CITES.

Provided technical assistance to the CITES programme for Monitoring of the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE) and the Elephant Trade Information System (ETIS), managed by TRAFFIC

Edited and published six issues of Pachyderm, the scientific journal of the IUCN/SSC African Elephant, African Rhino and Asian Rhino Specialist Groups.

Regularly updated and revised in addition to developing new and innovative features for the AfESG website http://iucn.org/afesg. This site now contains copies of all the main technical documents produced by the AfESG and has become an excellent platform for disseminating information about African elephant conservation and management issues to the global community in French, English, and Portuguese, the three official languages of the African elephant range states.

Organised and conducted meetings of the members of the African Elephant Specialist Group.

Raised an additional approximately US$ 850,000 for activities directly related to African elephant conservation and management.

In addition coordinating these core activities, Leo is currently spearheading the AfESG’s efforts to develop pilot studies to determine the magnitude and impact of the bushmeat trade on elephant populations at selected sites in Central Africa.

Leo is a Finnish citizen and has an MSc in Environmental Management from Imperial College London, UK and a BA in Economics and International Relations & Diplomacy from Schiller International University.

Steve Olson, American Zoo and Aquarium Association
Biography not available.

William Rapley, Toronto Zoo
Biography not available.

Vanessa Rogier, Happy Hollow Park & Zoo
Biography not available.

Rebecca Rose, Columbus Zoo and Aquarium

Rebecca Rose is the Field Conservation Coordinator at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium. Trained as an educator, Rebecca holds a B.S. in Education from Ashland University and a B.S. in Wildlife Management from The Ohio State University. After several years of teaching, including six years as an instructor in an environmental education program, Rebecca took a position in the Columbus Zoo’s education department. In this capacity, her scope of responsibilities was diverse and included a particular emphasis on aiding classroom teachers to publicize the zoo’s conservation education mission. She presented numerous teacher workshops, developed resource kits and packets, and was responsible for overseeing the Educational Resource Center. She launched and continues to coordinate the zoo’s guest lecture series, choosing internationally recognized conservationists and authors for several lectures each year.

With a lifelong commitment to conservation, Rebecca has been involved with the Columbus Zoo’s field conservation projects for the past 11 years and has served on the zoo’s conservation committee for the past 8 years. In her current position as field conservation coordinator, Rebecca accepts proposals and prepares the monthly agenda for the zoo’s conservation committee, and acts as the liaison between the committee and the zoo’s contacts in the field. In 2000, the Columbus Zoo provided funds to 80 projects in 25 countries. She serves as the editor for the zoo’s Annual Conservation Report as well as the Conservationist Newsletter and delivers presentations on a variety of topics to zoo and community groups and university classes. A passionate advocate for environmental education, Rebecca has served as an instructor for children’s workshops in Costa Rica, Peru and the U.S., and created several unique coloring and activity books for projects in Guatemala, Uganda, and Papua New Guinea. Working with field biologists, she has developed over 20 traveling educational kits on topics such as coral reefs, sea turtles, manatees and primates that are being used in conjunction with research and conservation projects in Congo, Guatemala, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, the U.S., Venezuela, Vietnam and Uganda.

Rebecca hopes to lend her expertise and experience in the fields of environmental education and conservation to the Bushmeat Crisis Task Force Steering Committee as the BCTF implements the short and long-term goals identified at the May 2001 Collaborative Action Planning Meeting.

Chuck Siegel, Dallas Zoo
Biography not available.

Kristen Walker Painemilla, Conservation International (2005-2007 Vice Chair)
Biography not available.

Janette Wallis, American Society of Primatologists (2005-2007 Awareness Chair)

Janette Wallis, Ph.D., served as the Chair of the American Society of Primatologists' Conservation Committee for four years (2002-2206). She has 30 years’ experience studying primates, specializing most often in chimpanzee reproductive behavior and biology. Wallis studied chimpanzees at CIRMF, Gabon (1982-3), served as Coordinator of Chimpanzee Research at the Gombe Stream Research Centre, Tanzania (1990-4), and is an Affiliated Scientist with the Budongo Forest Project, Uganda (1998-present). More recently, she established a new field project near Budongo (the Kasokwa Forest Project) and developed a non-profit organization (African Primates, Inc.).

At present, Wallis is an Associate Professor of Zoology at the ABTI-American University of Nigeria - located in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria - and serves as the Coordinator of the Natural & Environmental Sciences/Conservation Biology Program.

Wallis is the Series Editor of the ASP's book series “Special Topics in Primatology.” She was the volume editor of “Primate Conservation: The Role of Zoological Parks” and has published a variety of conservation-oriented papers. Thus, Wallis brings to the BCTF SC strong skills in editing, writing, and organizing, in addition to broad experience living, working, and travelling in several African countries.

The purposes of the American Society of Primatologists (ASP) are exclusively educational and scientific - specifically to promote and encourage the discovery and exchange of information regarding primates. There are approximately 800 ASP members, representing psychology, zoology, anthropology, veterinary medicine, and other related fields of study. The ASP has a strong focus on conservation; its Conservation Committee provides a number of small grants to aid primate conservation efforts. Over the years, several of these grants have addressed the bushmeat issue - either directly or indirectly.

David Wilkie, 2002-2004 Co-chair (2005-2007 Advisor)

Dr. David S. Wilkie works for the Living Landscapes Program of the Wildlife Conservation Society and is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Boston College. He is a wildlife ecologist with a post-doctoral anthropology specialization in human behavioral ecology. He has over 15 years of research experience in the socio-economic aspects of household level natural resource use in central and west Africa, and in central and south America. His research in the Congo Basin has focused on: determining the local and regional impact of forager and farmer subsistence practices on forest plant and animal composition, distribution and abundance; and the household economic determinants of Efe hunter-gatherer adoption of agriculture into their suite of subsistence activities. Other research interests include examining the impacts of trade and the commercialization of non-timber forest products on forest animal populations; the role that logging plays in promoting bushmeat markets; the income and price elasticities of demand for bushmeat; and the use of satellite imagery and aerial photography to model the location, extent and rate of land transformation within rain forests. His research has resulted in over 70 articles and chapters, seven of which are specifically on the bushmeat. He is presently running a research project in Gabon to assess the impact of household income and price on demand for bushmeat.

He is also interested in the practical use of remote sensing imagery, and published a book for Columbia University Press titled Remote Sensing Imagery for Natural Resource Monitoring: A First Time Users Guide. From a development perspective, he provides on-the-ground technical assistance to conservation and development NGOs, US government agencies, and UN organizations working to conserve biodiversity while addressing human needs and aspirations in Africa. He is also co-director of the Ituri Forest Peoples Fund, a not-for-profit special project of Cultural Survival, established to help Efe (pygmy) foragers and Lese farmers of northeastern Congo to provide their children with health care, and the opportunity to attend primary school. The role of the fund is to support, not assume responsibility for, local development in the Ituri.

David was an extremely active member of the BCTF Steering Committee [2000-2001] who regularly participated in networking, fundraising, interviews with the media where he supported BCTF and responding to numerous requests for images [which he provides free of charge]. In addition, he has led the development of the BCTF information packet; given presentations on the bushmeat crisis and BCTF at the San Diego Zoo, Columbus Zoo, Cincinnati Zoo and Roger Williams Park Zoo in Providence Rhode Island; participated in the ADIE workshop on NGO-Private Sector partnerships to reduce the impact of logging on wildlife in central Africa held in La Lopé, Gabon, November 5-8, 2000 and was co-editor of the proceedings; represented the BCTF at the Mweka Conference on Wildlife Management in Tanzania [December 2000]; and regularly participates in BCTF steering committee meetings.

Christine Wolf, Advisor, 2005-2006 Co-Chair

As the Wildlife Protection Program Manager for Humane Society International, Christine Wolf promotes wildlife protection and habitat conservation through various international mechanisms, including global treaties and bilateral agreements. Prior to joining Humane Society International, Christine was the Director of Government and International Affairs with The Fund for Animals for over a decade. She has worked extensively on implementation issues regarding the U.S. Endangered Species Act and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES). She currently serves on the board of the Endangered Species Coalition, a network of over 350 environmental, animal protection, consumer, and religious groups. She speaks French and Swahili, and spends a significant amount of time in Africa coordinating projects and designing new partnerships in wildlife conservation.

As a member of the BCTF Steering Committee since its inception, Christine has consulted on matters relating to both domestic and international key decision makers and assisted BCTF staff in drafting action plans to elevate the visibility of the bushmeat issue. During her tenure with the BCTF, she has spoken on the topic of bushmeat at several animal protection conferences, university guest lecturer series, and international symposia.

Christine was instrumental in the drafting of, lobbying for, and final passage of the Great Ape Conservation Act in the U.S. Congress. The Act created the Great Ape Conservation Fund from which grants are being awarded to projects protecting the great apes in their natural habitat. Christine is also the co-owner of Classic Africa Safaris, a photographic safari company operating in East Africa that specializes in mountain gorilla tourism. Through that entity, she engages local communities bordering national parks in maximizing the benefits they receive by coexisting with wildlife, and the company is currently working with national wildlife authorities to implement environmental standards for tourism.

As a representative from the nation’s largest animal protection organization, Christine taps into the influence of a grassroots constituency numbering nearly 9 million people, as well as a rapid response network that mobilizes key activists around the world on important issues affecting wildlife. She also brings with her extensive experience in working with both the federal government and the diplomatic corps, and with coalitions comprised of members representing diverse viewpoints.

© 1999-2009 Bushmeat Crisis Task Force