Sharks

Jun 24, 2009

Asian Wildlife Trade Species information Page

 

Growing human populations and improved fishing technology have increased the threat on sharks across the world's oceans. Shark fins are considered a delicacy in many Asian diets and has led to the growth of illegal fishing. To harvest shark fins, fishers ply the world's ocean. Some definned sharks are fully utilized. Other sharks are caught solely for their fins. They are caught, finned by fishers, and returned to the ocean, where the shark bleeds to death.

SHARKS
This analysis includes only the species classified as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) and Vulnerable (VU) by IUCN (The World Conservation Union)

Scientific Classification
ORDER = Carcharhiniformis, Orectolobiformes
FAMILY = Carcharhinidae, Hemigaleidae, Odontaspididae, Cetorhinidae, Lamnidae, Rhincodontidae, Ginglymostomatidae, Stegostomidae, Rhinidae, Centrophoridae, Squalidae, Sphyrnidae, Triakidae, Hemiscylliidae
GENUS AND SPECIES =
    Carcharhinidae Five species: Carcharhinus hemiodon, C. longimanus, C. borneensis; Negaprion acutidens, Glyphis glyphis
    Hemigaleidae - One species: Hemipritis elongatus
    Odontaspididae - One species: Carcharias taurus
    Cetorhinidae - One species: Cetorhinus maximus
    Lamnidae Three species: Carcharadon carcharias, Isurus paucus, Lamna nasus
    Rhincodontidae - One species: Rhincodon typus
    Ginglymostomatidae - One species: Nebrius ferrugineus
    Stegostomidae - One species: Stegostoma fasciatum
    Rhinidae - Ones species: Rhina ancyclostoma
    Centrophoridae - Two species: Centrophorus granulosus, C. squamosus
    Hemiscylliidae Two species: Hemiscyllium hallstromi, H. strahani
    Triakidae One species: Hemitriakis leucoperiptera
    Squalidae - One species: Squalus acanthias
    Sphyrnidae One species: Sphyrna mokarran
COMMON NAME (ENGLISH) =
    Carcharhinidae - Pondicherry shark, Speartoth shark, Borneo shark, Sharptooth lemon shark
    Hemigaleidae - Fossil shark
    Odontaspididae - Grey nurse shark, Sand Tiger shark
    Cetorhinidae - Basking shark
    Lamnidae - Great white shark, Longfin Mako, Porbeagle
    Rhincodontidae - Whale shark
    Ginglymostomatidae - Tawny nurse shark
    Stegostomidae - Leopard shark 
    Rhinidae - Bowmouth guitarfish
    Centrophoridae - Gulper shark, Deepwater spiny dogfish
    Hemiscylliidae Papuan Epaulette shark, Hooded carpet shark
    Triakidae Whitefin topeshark
    Squalidae - Cape shark
    Sphyrnidae Great hammerhead, Squat headed hammerhead shark
IUCN RED LIST =
    Twenty two species among CR (1), EN (2) and VU (14)
    Carcharhinidae - One species under CR (Carcharhinus hemiodon), two under EN (Carcharhinus borneensis, Glyphis glyphis) and two under VU (Carcharhinus longimanus, Negaprion acutidens)
    Hemigaleidae - One species under VU: Hemipristis elongatus
    Odontaspididae - One species under VU: Carcharias taurus
    Cetorhinidae - One species under VU: Cetorhinus maximus
    Lamnidae - Three species under VU: Carcharodon carcharias, Isurus paucus and Lamna nasus
    Rhincodontidae - Ones species under VU: Rhincodon typus
    Ginglymostomatidae - One species under VU: Nebrius ferrugineus
    Stegostomidae - One species under VU: Stegostoma fasciatum
    Rhinidae - One species under VU: Rhina ancylostoma
    Centrophoridae - Two species under VU: Centrophorus granulosus and Centrophorus squamosus
    Hemiscylliidae Two species under VU: Hemiscyllium hallstromi, H. strahani
    Triakidae One species under EN: Hemitriakis leucoperiptera
    Squalidae One species under VU: Squalus acanthias
    Sphyrnidae One species under EN: Sphyrna mokarran
CITES LISTING =
    Appendix I
    Appendix II Cetorhinus maximus, Carcharadon carcharias, Rhincodon typus
    Appendix III

Other Natural History Information
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/Whiteshark/whiteshark.html
http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1142
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/GulperShark/GulperShark.html
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/baskingshark/baskingshark.html
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/OceanicWT/OceanicWT.html
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/SpinyDogfish/SpinyDogfish.html
Photos/Videos
http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/fish/Carcharhinus_longimanus/more_still_images.html
http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/fish/Negaprion_acutidens/more_still_images.html
http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/fish/Carcharodon_carcharias/more_still_images.html
http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/fish/Cetorhinus_maximus/more_still_images.html

Bushmeat-related publications and projects for this species or group
http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/x3690e/x3690e00.htm
http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/sgprofiles/sharksg.htm#over
http://www.traffic.org/content/232.pdf
http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20061104/food.asp
http://www.traffic.org/dispatches/feb2003/whale_sharks.html

Recent news from media
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/04/0428_030428_sharkfins.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1182511.stm

IUCN Specialist Group for this species or group
http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/sgprofiles/sharksg.htm#over

REFERENCES
IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. . Downloaded on 15 September 2007.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.Appendices I,II and III. . Downloaded on 07 August 2007.

 

© 1999-2009 Bushmeat Crisis Task Force

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